Many people work in linguistically and culturally diverse environments in today’s globalised world. As a result, individuals often find themselves switching between different linguistic, cultural and social norms depending on the situation they find themselves in. This phenomenon is known as “code-switching.” Code-switching can be particularly important in the workplace, impacting an individual’s ability to succeed and thrive.
Code-switching refers to shifting between different languages, syntax, grammatical structure, behaviour, and appearance to fit into the dominant culture, depending on the context. This can be done consciously or unconsciously and can occur in various settings, including at work. For example, a bilingual individual may switch between speaking English and Mandarin depending on who they are speaking with or the context of the conversation. Similarly, an individual may alter their communication style or way of dressing depending on the cultural norms of the person they are engaging with or their workplace.
While the ability to code-switch can be a valuable skill in the workplace as it allows individuals to connect more effectively with colleagues, clients, and customers from all walks of life, it can be detrimental and a source of great tension for individuals, particularly those who are not from the dominant group and who may feel pressure to conform to the dominant cultural norms of the workplace in order to get ahead and succeed.
This pressure to conform can harm individuals from underrepresented groups, such as people of colour, women, or people from low-income backgrounds. These individuals may feel they need to suppress aspects of their identity to be taken seriously in the workplace. For example, a woman of colour may feel pressure to adopt a “whiter” communication style to be seen as professional, while a person from a low-income background may feel that they need to hide their educational background to be taken seriously.
The politics of “showing up” at work can also impact an individual’s ability to code-switch effectively. For example, an individual who is always expected to perform at a high level may feel pressure to suppress aspects of their identity to maintain their professional reputation. This pressure can be particularly detrimental for individuals who are the only person from their community or one of a handful of people of colour in their workplace, as they may feel that they represent their entire community.
To address these challenges, organisations can take steps to create a more inclusive workplace culture that values, respects and recognises diversity. This can include investing in training for leaders and all staff, creating mentorship programs for underrepresented groups, and encouraging a healthy workplace culture emphasising the value of people bringing their whole selves to work. Additionally, organisations can look at recruitment and retention of a diverse workforce. This can help to create a workplace that values and celebrates differences as a source of strength.
In conclusion, code-switching can burden individuals not part of the dominant group who feel pressured to suppress aspects of their identity to conform to dominant cultural norms. Creating an inclusive workplace culture is a noble goal that can inspire positive change and foster a sense of unity among employees. To achieve this, employers must take proactive steps to evaluate their workplace culture and seek external expertise if needed. Organisations can instil a sense of purpose and belonging by involving all leaders and staff in the process. With a more equitable and inclusive environment, employees are more likely to feel invested in their work and committed to the organisation’s success, creating a win-win scenario. Let’s create workplaces where everyone feels valued and empowered to reach their full potential. For more information on the steps needed to make this happen, enquire today to discuss how Diversity Focus can help.